Explore our Managing Digital Branding Toolkit

How important are multichannel customer journeys for your brand?

Author's avatar By Dave Chaffey 03 Oct, 2011
Essential Essential topic

Google ROPO study provides a great way to visualise customer behaviour

Value/Importance: [rating=4]

Recommended link: Google-GfK-Vodafone study

Our commentary on ROPO visualisation

ROPO is a term coined to describe research published by Google in this study meaning “Research Online Purchase Offline” (although it Research Offline-Purchase Online is another behaviour which can also be important.

This study reviewed the role of the internet in the decision process for mobile & broadband contracts involving the Vodafone website and stores in Germany based on a panel of 16,000 web users and questionnaires about their intent and purchase.

For both of these services, the contract was signed online by around a third of the audience. However, a significant proportion signed the contract offline.

Marketing implications of ROPO visualisation

The matrix presented above is a great framework for evaluating and summarizing multichannel behaviour since it also shows the situation where research is offline and purchase occurs online.

This behaviour is particularly common where products such as in this case, handsets, consumers want to evaluate their purchase offline by viewing and handling the product.

Actually doing this research is the preserve of big business, but as a way to think about consumer behaviour it applies to any business. It poses questions about how you facilitate customers to move between different channels - from offline to online and online to offline.

There is a danger that online and offline marketers think about their own silos and driving customers to conversion in each channel, whereas the reality is that at least a third of customers switch channels before the final purchase. Enlightened organisations structure their teams and remuneration to facilitate channel switching which is a natural customer behaviour.

Here is the full study:

Gfk Vodafone Ropo Study 2010

Author's avatar

By Dave Chaffey

Digital strategist Dr Dave Chaffey is co-founder and Content Director of online marketing training platform and publisher Smart Insights. 'Dr Dave' is known for his strategic, but practical, data-driven advice. He has trained and consulted with many business of all sizes in most sectors. These include large international B2B and B2C brands including 3M, BP, Barclaycard, Dell, Confused.com, HSBC, Mercedes-Benz, Microsoft, M&G Investment, Rentokil Initial, O2, Royal Canin (Mars Group) plus many smaller businesses. Dave is editor of the templates, guides and courses in our digital marketing resource library used by our Business members to plan, manage and optimize their marketing. Free members can access our free sample templates here. Dave is also keynote speaker, trainer and consultant who is author of 5 bestselling books on digital marketing including Digital Marketing Excellence and Digital Marketing: Strategy, Implementation and Practice. In 2004 he was recognised by the Chartered Institute of Marketing as one of 50 marketing ‘gurus’ worldwide who have helped shape the future of marketing. My personal site, DaveChaffey.com, lists my latest Digital marketing and E-commerce books and support materials including a digital marketing glossary. Please connect on LinkedIn to receive updates or ask me a question.

Recommended Blog Posts