Our compilation comparing average conversion rates for retail sites and other industry sectors
As you will know, conversion rate is often used as a KPI to review the effectiveness of Ecommerce sites. Naturally all site managers and owners want to know, "how do our conversion rates compare?"
In this post I have compiled different free industry sources focusing on retail Ecommerce conversion, but towards the end of the post a chart shows average conversion rates for a range of sectors including B2B conversion.
Before we get to the stats, one other caveat on analysis of conversion rates:
When benchmarking conversion rate, we think it's important to explain to marketing managers that they should go beyond headline conversion rates to segment conversion by different types of visitor.
To see why, see Dan Barker's excellent post explaining why conversion rate is a horrible measure to focus on.
April 2015 update - conversion rates by device
The Monetate Ecommerce Quarterly is a great source giving regularly updated benchmarks on conversion segmented by devices and media for large Ecommerce brands.
Their latest quarterly update shows conversion rates to add-to-basket/cart and sale across the last 4 quarters.
With shoppers increasingly using smartphone and tablet to purchase, it's vital for online retailers to know the effectiveness of trading via these platforms.
This compilation of retail orders by device type from another source - the Custora Ecommerce Pulse shows the impact of lower conversion rates on smartphone on the level of sales by online channel which is currently 75% desktop and 25% mobile (15% smartphone, 10% tablet).
If you're creating a business case for mobile optimised sites as explained in our Ecommerce mobile and desktop wireframes guide or mobile marketing strategy guide, this data is also valuable since it shows the variation in conversion rate by mobile devices type. Tablet conversion rates are similar, but slightly lower than desktop conversion rates, suggesting people are increasingly comfortable with the experience of buying on tablets.
However, it's a different story for Smartphones since these convert at one third to one quarter of the rate of traditional or tablet devices.
This suggests smartphones are more of browse or research platform rather than a buy platform since many of the large retailers featured in this survey will have mobile optimised sites. Smartphone experiences should be personalised to show this different form of usage. The lower conversion rates for operating systems are also shown in these compilations of Android vs MacOS vs iOS operating systems.
Conversion rates by channel
UK average conversion rates from IMRG
With the acquisition of retail analytics service Coremetrics by IBM we lost one of our best free sources for comparing conversion rates. Within the UK data is compiled for members by retail category. These aren't usually shared, but the overall trend was recently published in this Ecommerce report from Channel Advisor-IMRG. This chart shows that average conversion rates for visits to sale of 4 percent. Note that these are typically for large brands, so conversion rates for less well-known brands that don't have the credibility, trust or large base of returning customers will generally be lower. Based on previous UK compilations from Coremetrics when their data was published we can say that typical average conversion rates for established retail brands are...
Conversion rate (visit to add to basket): 8% Conversion rate (visit to sale): 4%
It's interesting that there is a typical 50% abandonment from basket through checkout to sale, even with the efforts on checkout optimisation. It suggests many will add to basket when researching and comparing, but may eventually buy elsewhere online or offline. This is a screengrab of the Coremetrics data from 2009 which shows that visitor sessions with an add to basket or cart are typically double those of order or sale sessions.
Options for segmenting conversion rate
As Dan Barker suggests in his advice we mentioned at the start of this post, conversion rate gets more useful as you break it down by different types of visitors with different intent and a different relationship with the retailer. Different conversion rates and average order values can then be segmented for different audiences to understand and work to improve the quality of traffic or strength of propositions, for example:
- First time, repeat visitor or registered customer conversion
- Referring channel conversion, e.g. paid or natural search, social media, affiliates, display advertising
- Search type, e.g. paid or natural, brand, generic or long-tail
- Product category type - conversion rates are much higher for simple commodity products for example - flower purchase (double digit percentage) compared with a higher cost product that will often be purchased in store (for example beds or furniture which which will often be less than one percent).
- Promotion type or seasonal sale - the IMRG data and Coremetrics data below shows that conversion rate can increase dramatically at these times.
Conversion rates for non Ecommerce sites including B2B conversion
I'm also often asked about conversion rates in other sectors, particularly for business-to-business lead generation. While similar caveats about sub-category, type of visitor and strength of brand apply, this is a useful compilation from Marketing Sherpa of average conversion rates by industry sector.
Dec 2011 update
We'll update on the latest figures in 2011. In the meantime, this IDM/Coremetrics US Black Friday / Cyber Monday conversion rate averages shows some interesting data on conversion for mobile devices and visitors from social media including Facebook and Twitter. Still, it's natural we will still all be asked "how to we compare?", so we have compiled some of the best sources of conversion rate statistics here. We suggest you compare these four key types of conversion rate: 1. Overall site session (visit) conversion rate as reported in this 2010 Coremetrics example (US data - see sources at the end of the post). 2. Visitor conversion rate calculated by dividing the number of conversion events by the number of unique visitors within a defined time period. 3. Shopping basket conversion rate (percentage who add item to basket who convert, e.g. 4. Session search conversion rate (percentage of visits which include a search (notice that conversion rate and average order value (AOV) tends to be higher for these visitors.
Original sources for Ecommerce conversion rate statistics
These are our original recommendations on the best sources for comparing Ecommerce conversion rates:
- UK conversion rates from Coremetrics - Coremetrics is rated by Forrester as one of the premium web analytics systems and offers sector specific conversion benchmarks to clients. Reports conversion rates as order sessions with clearly stated definitions of different types of conversion.
- US conversion rates from Coremetrics - The most up-to-date conversion rates for November 2010 are given for the US.
- Fireclick Index of conversion rates - provides conversion rates from less well-known analytics provider in different categories including Fashion / Clothing, Electronics and software