While a campaign focused on social media can add a new dimension to a campaign, large "big bang" investments in social media within a campaign may not always be possible.
But if you build in social media from the outset there will always be opportunities to integrate smaller elements of social media marketing into the framework of an existing marketing campaign that has already been approved and underway. ‘Socialising’ a marketing campaign can be an effective way of reaching new audiences and generating conversation around your brand on the back of larger-scale paid media activity.
One of the first questions to ask at the outset is why social media marketing would be relevant or necessary for the campaign and how it could add value. What could social media achieve that other aspects of the campaign (advertising, PR, experiential) couldn't?
Some of the advantages of using social media include:
However, regardless of the benefits social media can offer, remember that social media cannot be used effectively solely as an outbound, push marketing tactic. Be honest up front about whether your business or brand is compatible and/ or ready to embrace social media and its potential. Are you willing to engage in a two-way conversation with customers? Would you be comfortable receiving negative comments and feedback? Do you have the capability to measure social media using Google Analytics?
Once a decision has been made to integrate social media into an existing marketing campaign, start considering what you’re looking to achieve as a result of this.
As part of the overarching campaign, the main goals and objectives are likely to have already been set so use these as a guide to the type of social media marketing that is likely to be most effective in achieving the campaign’s goals.
In addition to these, also think about any new goals or objectives that social media specifically could achieve. Whilst leads and sales may be a primary objective, social media could also be used to generate engagement and conversation around the brand and build interest and a following/ community that could be nurtured beyond a fixed marketing campaign period.
As with the goals for the campaign, a set of target audiences should have already been established and this will give you a good insight into the type of social activity that might be most suitable to reach your target audience.
It’s important to remember that different social media channels and tactics will work better for different audience groups. For example, whilst Facebook might be an effective tool for hosting a competition mechanic targeting young adults for one type of campaign, LinkedIn or Google+ might be better suited for targeting a broader audience within the professional sector.
Sometimes a theme for the overall campaign may have already been established. If it has, then this will give you the basis on which to focus your social media activities. If not, or if it has still to be fully agreed, then a social media angle could influence the overall direction the campaign may take.
Much will depend on the campaign's goals, objectives and target audiences, however it’s certainly worth considering the degree to which social media could play as part of the campaign and the overall influence it may have.
Once the target audience, goals, objectives and theme for the campaign have been decided, the next step is to start thinking about the different channels and tactics that could be used for social media.
When brainstorming ideas at this stage, consider the following:
During the brainstorming process, always consider how social media activity will drive prospects back to your website. While it’s all very well building the number of Likes on your Facebook page or conversations within the Twittersphere, a common question from the business’s leadership team may be ‘so what’?
It’s therefore key to drive visitors from social media through to your website (your ‘homebase’), where you can further control the user experience, track and measure the visits and drive people through to the point of conversion, whether that be an enquiry, sale or some other action.
Not all content is created equal and when planning content creation for the social media element of the campaign consider what is likely to work best on each of the social channels you’re planning to use.
Each social channel with have their own set of standards and idiosyncrasies and it’s important to acknowledge these. Something that might work really well on Facebook may not be as effective Google+, Twitter or Pinterest.
Whilst formulating the content plan, also consider how social media will work alongside the paid and owned media elements of the campaign.
‘Dumb Ways To Die’ is a campaign from the public transport authority in Melbourne, Australia, which aims to raise awareness of preventable train-related deaths. It recently won many Cannes Lions awards and has gained 50 million views on YouTube since its release in Novembers 2012.
Although the campaign featured prominently in offline media, including newspapers, outdoor advertising and local radio, what really stood out was the use of online media, especially social media via YouTube and the excellent video and song.
The ‘Dumb Ways To Die’ campaign is a great example of how paid (newspaper, outdoor advertising), owned (website, mobile app) and earned (Tumblr, YouTube video, song) media can be used together in an integrated way to engage consumers and spread a key message across a number of different channels.
The campaign also played to the strengths of the media it used. For example, in order to maximise the value of YouTube and the social media element, the campaign producers understood that the video needed to have a ‘hook’ that captured viewers’ attention and got them to click ‘like’ and share the content with their social networks. This viral effect not only increased the earned media attention across social media but also within search.
Before the campaign gets underway, it’s important to consider how the success of the social media activity will be tracked and measured. Remember that each social channel and tactic can be measured in different ways.
'Success' will mean something different to everybody so think about what is most important for you and your campaign. For example, whilst measuring Facebook likes is good for tracking the engagement people may have with the campaign's social content, in isolation this metric will not provide a rounded view of the effectiveness of the campaign.
Some of the social media metrics to consider include:
For more social media measurement methods check out these two excellent Smart Insights posts: Measuring your Social Media with Return on Effort (ROE) and An introduction to getting started with marketing on social networks.
Based on the metrics above, set a target against what you want to achieve and use this as your 'baseline' on which to measure performance.
I hope my post gives you some ideas to facilitate integration, the main approach is not to treat social media as an afterthought!
By Gavin Llewellyn
Gavin Llewellyn (LinkedIn) is an independent consultant. He is a Chartered Marketer who specialises in digital marketing, specifically in social media, SEO and online strategy. Gavin blogs at One Too Many Mornings where he offers advice, guidance and ideas on how individuals and companies can use digital marketing effectively to get found online, build engagement and generate conversion. You can Follow Gavin on Twitter and Google+.
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